Photoshop’s Layer System
Photoshop layers enable you to alter every visual part of an image in a very intuitive way.
Pixels on the screen are described by color values, a pattern of some kind, or several different patterns like shadows, midtones and highlights.
Each of these color or pattern components has its own layer for editing.
Often, when you edit one of these layers you end up making an adjustment affecting several other layers, too. For example, when you add a color layer, you also create a layer with a pattern on it. The pattern and colors both move together, or “mop up,” when the adjustment is made.
You can create a layer that’s transparent over a layer or over a background. You can then put another layer over the transparent layer, hide it, and change some of the transparency properties.
When you create a new document in Photoshop, there are no layers already in place. The first time you edit a document you create a layer called the background. (That’s the black plane with transparency at the top of the screen in Figure 1.)
As you make a selection, any pixels that make up the selection are moved to the bottom layer, now called the foreground. The color values and patterns for the selection are removed from the background layer, and the selected pixels become transparent, or “foggy.”
Everything visible when you create a new document is added to the background layer. The foreground layer is the opposite.
Whether you create a new layer or select a background layer, you must always have at least one layer (and one layer below it) on the screen to operate the program.
Layers are entirely separate entities. Photoshop does not store information about layers in file or memory. When you open a document, a new document is created and there are no layers in the document.
Editing a layer
You can move, copy, mirror, paint, add a filter to, and delete layers. You can also move selected layers to different locations.
You can make new layers directly from the Document window by pressing Ctrl+T (or ⌘-T), or you can use the Layer window shown in Figure 2.
You can access several other helpful tools for viewing and editing layers in the Layer window. To access these tools,
select one of the layers in the document, and then click its name
If you’ve created your own images with Photoshop, you can take advantage of the software’s stunning features to create a high-quality image.
In this Photoshop tutorial, we’ll take you through the major features of this professional graphics software to help you create a quality image quickly and easily. You’ll learn how to:
Create a custom template that will be your go-to image for repeating tasks. Create a brand-new image from scratch. Retouch an image and perform a wide range of edits. Find and set correct exposure, contrast and white balance. Adjust saturation, color and contrast. Repair photos with difficult or damaged elements, such as objects, the sky or the background. Invert objects to reverse them and create a mirrored image. Create an image effects to create creative or enhance an existing photo. Adjust white balance, lighten or brighten an image, soften an image, or apply color correction. Adjust the appearance of edges and objects. Manipulate documents and scan them into a collage. Find and use patterns and decorative objects to create a frame. Add text, shapes and stamps to the image. Design a logo, like you see on this cheese! Create a custom background and apply a gradient for creative backgrounds. Adjust the orientation and position of an image. Separate an image into shapes, add a shape layer, paint, erase. Create a text layer for text or add text to an existing layer. Manage layers and apply effects. Colorize and create a “sketch” effect. Invert an image to create a landscape. Apply an emboss effect for an artistic effect. Create a fireworks graphic effect. Create a video collage. Compose and move the photo layer to create a composition. Create an animated GIF, filter your image, then export an animated movie.
Ready to get started? Let’s get started.
In this Photoshop tutorial, you’ll learn how to create a photo of the Mona Lisa. We’ll use the software’s entire arsenal of tools to create a successful image.
Photoshop is the premiere graphics editor for photographers and graphic designers. It’s the perfect tool for creating new elements or for editing existing images. It offers numerous tools that allow you to quickly edit an image and create new visual elements.
These days, Photoshop is rarely used simply for photography. It’s used to design products, create social media graphics, create logos, produce comics, create simple design tutorials, edit scanned pages, and so on.
Game of Thrones may be taking us back to the Stone Age, but the next trailer for The Dark Knight Rises is here, and it’ll most likely take the internet by storm. The two-minute teaser hit the web last night, and while it doesn’t include any spoilers, it does show off some of the cool stunts and fight sequences from the upcoming flick. One sequence in particular has us wondering if Bane will be the next adversary for Batman to face.
Check out the trailer below.
IMAX has released another trailer for the film, which is set to hit theaters on July 18th, 2012. The trailer takes us further into the film’s plot, which follows Bruce Wayne’s attempt to stop an assassin named Bane (played by Tom Hardy) who plans on destroying Gotham City. Also starring Marion Cotillard and Anne Hathaway, it will be among the most anticipated movies of the summer.
What do you think? Can you see Bane being Batman’s next big villain?Bones (TV series) type TV Show network Fox genre Crime
When the televised premiere of Bones‘ swan song hits in two weeks, Brennan will be the only damsel in distress remaining.
Fox announced Monday that Booth and Brennan have broken up again, calling the duo’s final episode (The End) “an emotional goodbye.” The network also reminded viewers that Booth and Brennan have always been “the classic couple.”
“All during the creation of this season we had talks about Booth and Brennan’s relationship becoming a bit more fraught, and they get into their latest fight,” executive producer Stephen Nathan says. “Obviously, there’s a lot of intimacy, and they fight, and I think what you’ll get is more than you could possibly hope for with Booth and Brennan. There is going to be a lot of sadness and loss for them.”
And if you think Booth feels entirely done with wooing his love interest, you’d be dead wrong. Nathan says the creators are intentionally playing up a certain tension that will hopefully translate into more skullduggery for Booth.
“Booth is still very hopeful,” Nathan says. “As you watch, the audience will see Booth has that very hopeful heart of a romantic lead in him. When he’s not with Booth, he’s thinking about Booth. And when he does get with Booth,
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a method of fabricating a thin-film magnetic head having a ring-type magnetic head gap, and a method of fabricating a thin-film magnetic head having a vertical-type magnetic head gap.
2. Description of the Related Art
In a thin-film magnetic head, a magnetic head gap is formed between a pair of magnetic head sliders which are attached to the top surface and the bottom surface of a bottomed magnetic head slider.
One example of a conventional thin-film magnetic head is disclosed in JP-A-2000-234680. As shown in FIG. 19, a thin-film magnetic head 1 is provided with a sensor unit portion 2 of the MR type having a magnetic head gap G and a bottomed magnetic head slider 3. Further, a writer unit portion 4 having a vertical-type magnetic head gap and a fixed magnetic core 5 is provided on the side of the opposite surface from the sensor unit portion 2, and a thin-film coil is disposed between the fixed magnetic core 5 and the magnetic head slider 3. Further, a non-magnetic substrate 6 is attached to the other surface of the magnetic head slider 3, and an opposing electrode 7 is disposed at the front end of the non-magnetic substrate 6.
Furthermore, the side surface of the magnetic head slider 3 is rounded in the vicinity of the sensor unit portion 2 so that the total area of the magnetic head gap G is increased to enlarge a magnetic field capacity.
However, it has been required to further increase the amount of magnetic flux flowing through the bottomed magnetic head slider 3 in order to increase the recording density of the magnetic recording medium.
In the conventional thin-film magnetic head 1, the total area of the magnetic head gap G is enlarged as described above, so that a vortex action occurs when a magnetic recording medium is magnetized, i.e., a magnetic flux density becomes locally high.
As a result, the magnetic head gap G is widened, and the center of the magnetic flux is separated from the center of the magnetic head gap G. This causes a problem of deterioration of a write-back characteristic or an overwrite characteristic.
OS: Windows 10/8/7/Vista (64 bit)
Processor: Core 2 Duo @ 1.8Ghz or better
Memory: 2 GB RAM
Graphics: DirectX 9.0c Compatible Video Card with 64MB Video RAM
DirectX: Version 9.0c
The image format you will choose depends on the size of your Image – Large images will take much longer to render and should be sized as much as possible to avoid the need to re-render