The icons and navigation bar
In previous versions, you needed to open a menu to access the many features of the software. In CS4, however, most of the basic Photoshop tasks are accessed with icons and a navigation bar that acts like a mini-menubar at the top of the main workspace, as shown in Figure 5-1. You can customize the icons to look like a folder by right-clicking the icon and choosing View Options, as shown in the figure.
The top of the workspace is divided into three sections. On the left side is the main workspace where you see the open document, along with your selection tool and the History panel. The middle area
4 Common Photoshop Blunders
You’ve seen your friends making some of the mistakes below. You probably thought you’d never make them yourself, right?
1. Photoshop Blur
Most of us know this one is wrong. It’s like saying “I hope I don’t forget my keys” or “I hope I don’t miss my bus” because you probably won’t.
Canon says: Blur a background or foreground object to create a soft, out-of-focus effect.
Blurs are the digital equivalent of a black-and-white print, and that’s why they’re very useful when you’re working in black and white.
Rather than use the Sharpen and Unsharp Mask tools, which have a good amount of blurring built in, you can actually do a quick, sneaky blur without blurring the entire photo.
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First, you’ll want to make sure you have a clear filter to blur your photo. This helps blur the photo a lot better.
Make sure that the Blur > Gaussian Blur tool is selected.
Next, grab the magic wand tool, and click on the edge of the background or foreground object you want to blur.
Now go ahead and drag the selection over. You’ll see a blur effect as it goes across.
That’s really all there is to it.
Canon says: You can select the direction of the blur by holding down shift while dragging. This alters the blur effect.
2. Photoshop Artistic Effects
A lot of us are good at Photoshop, but when we’re working with small images, we sometimes try to do more with them.
There are some features in the PS Elements 13 Artistic Features template that I think people could use from time to time, but beware.
This package of fun Photoshop tools is definitely not for the beginner or any who cannot create art from scratch.
A lot of these are pretty questionable, and while it has some great tools, it also has a few things that aren’t as practical as you’d think.
If you like looking through light, transparent backgrounds and slicing your image up on some kind of design, this package may be for you
One of the toughest challenges with Linux has always been the packaging ecosystem. In order to use Linux applications you have to download, compile, and sometimes install dependencies, and there are many different tools that do all three of those things. But the good news is that we are seeing that changing. The GNU project has released a tool called emerge that is designed to address the dependency problem in a very different way.
In order to see it in action you need to first make sure that you have a stable release of Debian or Ubuntu installed on your system. Then, using the command below, you can tell emerge to fetch all of the application dependencies for any given program.
$ emerge -e
Once that command completes, you can see all of the packages that you’ve installed for that program. For example, if I wanted to install VLC, I’d run this command:
$ emerge -e vlc
After the command finishes I can list all of the packages that were installed:
That’s great for the setup process. However, there are a lot of people who only use software they already know and, in many cases, they have their own version of the tool that they use to install software. The GNU project has a solution for this problem too and it’s called Guix. For those of you who don’t know, Guix is a project which is aimed at providing a system with a package management similar to that provided by emerge. In fact, it uses emerge under the covers, but the important difference is that the packages Guix uses do not have their own dependencies. Instead, they all come from one master package called, simply, guix. For example, if I wanted to install VLC I could just use the command below:
$ guix package vlc
And I would get the exact same result as if I had installed using emerge. The key thing to note is that Guix is completely autonomous. The packages are not dependencies to one another, so the Guix tool doesn’t need to know about anything to be installed. There are also several large Linux distributions that use the same package management system to install their entire operating system. This is called Guix Package Description and can be enabled with a simple one-liner:
$ guix package-enable guix-descriptions
Now, when you install or remove a package on your system, you’ll notice that it’s still formatted the same way that you’ve been
How to create an array of integer with size from input?
I am trying to create an array of integers with size from an input from the user but everytime that I run the code it shows this error:
“Operator error:  operator must be used with a parent object (error c2059)
int i = 0;
4GB of RAM
Intel Core 2 Quad Q9450 (2.66GHz) or higher
NVIDIA GeForce 8800 GT or higher
DirectX 10.1-compatible video card
6GB free hard-disk space
2 USB ports
80MB free space on the DVD Drive
Windows® XP Service Pack 3 or later (XP SP3 or later)
Windows® Vista Service Pack 2 or later (Vista SP2 or later)