This book assumes that you use Photoshop CS6 and later.
## Introducing Photoshop
One of the most important things for you to know about Photoshop is that it can’t be mastered as a single program. There are hundreds of specialized tasks you may have in mind for the program, and you can’t master all of them in a single application. There are a couple of reasons why you shouldn’t try to:
* Although you can use Photoshop with a mouse, it’s not the tool of choice for some specialized tasks like print work.
* The program is designed as a single application, so if you aren’t familiar with some of the features, you may find yourself confused. For example, in Photoshop you might be working with layers and want to create a mask, but the program doesn’t offer a layer mask as a tool and you’re stuck. If you’re a beginner, the temptation is to find the nearest button that achieves your goal and move on, so you miss the tools and features you need.
* Photoshop has so many tools that it’s fairly easy to get overwhelmed with the number of buttons, menus, and toolbars that you encounter. You can see how quickly you’d be able to find yourself lost if you tried to create a series of layers with the Brush tool. You can use the workspace as a method of division to minimize this danger, but it’s also possible to collapse the workspace into a single panel with a simplified toolbar and features so you can focus on a single task.
If you’re using Photoshop on a laptop or some other portable device, you can check out the sidebar “How to get the best out of Photoshop” in this chapter for some portable tools that can help you fit in Photoshop while you’re on the go.
Although you need to master at least some of the basics of Photoshop before going on to any more advanced topics, this book concentrates on the tools and features that you use most.
The Basic Features
Photoshop Elements is an easy-to-use program with an easy learning curve. Basic features include:
Image Adjustments: Exposure, Contrast, Brightness, Vibrance, Saturation, Gamma
Image Manipulations: Multiple-layer editing, healing, filters, filter effects, smart objects, cropping, resizing, and perspective transforms
Photoshop Elements (or Photoshop for short) is useful for simple image editing, for users who want to resize images, for amateurs who are looking to trim a video, and for teachers who want to create a slideshow for their class. It’s good for beginners. If you want to learn Photoshop, start with Photoshop Elements, then move to the full version if you need extra features.
The following includes all main features found in the “full version” of Photoshop. You can purchase a full version of Photoshop for around $300, but most of the Photoshop Elements features are available on the free version.
9 Basic Features Of Photoshop
Many beginner Photoshop users will not be the one to use these advanced features, but they are offered so you can understand the features available if you upgrade to a full version of Photoshop.
The following list includes all the features available to the free version of Photoshop Elements. It includes some of the features that are found on the full version of Photoshop but for those that are not.
1. Image Adjustment Controls
These controls are available for both layers and single-layer images. You can use these controls to change image exposure, contrast, brightness, saturation, and overall grayscale.
2. Adjustment Layers
The Adjustment Layers feature is best for image resizing, healing of images or for using before or after filters. Adjustment Layers are the layers that control the other layers in an image.
To apply an adjustment layer to your image, select “Adjustments” in the Layers menu. A selection box will appear around the image, and you can either click on the selection box to apply the adjustments or drag your mouse over the selection box to apply the adjustments.
With the Adjustment Layers, you can apply uniform adjustment to multiple areas of your image. If you want different adjustment to different parts of your image, use the Composite Layers feature.
Layers are the building blocks of your image. Each image has at least one layer. Layers control the blending
The road to Hobart will be harder than in the past. Out of the Marshall Islands and into the Pacific Ocean on new, more storm-tossed seas. The Jervis Bay coal terminal has been expanded and better equipped, to the delight of its future clientele. Clive Williams with Ocean Wave Management works out of Sydney’s Bondi Beach.
“The Pacific is a very dynamic ocean,” Mr Williams says. “There are some storms we are predicting and some storms we can’t. We have learned from the last few storm events with Cyclone Tracy [in 1974], Cyclone Olga [in 1973] and Cyclone Yasi [in 2011]. “We are trying to manage risks,” he says, “as an insurance company is required to do in any other activity.”
The insurance has allowed the coal terminal to use a weather buoy and satellite data to better navigate the high seas.
Ocean Wave Management has the capacity to load six coal carriers a day, up from two. The terminal is also preparing for the arrival of new steel vessels. These are relatively small vessels, with the capacity to load and off-load some 100,000 tonnes of coal from two of the last remaining large-scale coal ports in the United Kingdom.
The state government has approached Genworth for insurance services for the Jervis Bay port, and it has stepped up its efforts to recruit new coal carriers.
The Jervis Bay coal terminal has iron ore exports from the Pilbara in the north and coal exports from Queensland and the Galilee Basin in the east. ( Supplied )
As the coal demand in the Far East slows, if it ever does, that likely means Australian coal will be traded through the global oil market.
“In a world of higher costs for energy, we will need to find alternative places to market our coal,” Mr Williams says. “I’m very optimistic about the international market in the Middle East [and] in the high growth markets in India and China.”
He says he’s particularly interested in the Middle Eastern markets because they are large and growing fast, and the middle class is expanding.
Mr Williams reckons Indian demand for coal will jump from around two million tonnes a year now to seven million tonnes a year by the end of the century.
“The Australian economy is growing at more than 2 per cent and we are exporting around one million tonnes a year in the short
An employee of Canadian cryptocurrency exchange QuadrigaCX is being treated for the coronavirus in a Calgary hospital, a spokesperson for the Alberta government said on Monday.
The man developed symptoms of the virus after arriving from India and tested positive for COVID-19 at a community clinic, the Alberta government said in a news release.
“He is currently hospitalized with COVID-19,” the news release said. “QuadrigaCX is in contact with public health, and the individual’s family and co-workers have been notified.”
After QuadrigaCX filed for bankruptcy last week, a number of executives and current and former employees claimed to have died with large amounts of cryptocurrencies. The exchange is based in Vancouver.
One former QuadrigaCX employee, Gerald Cotten, is being treated for the virus at the same hospital, the B.C. government said on Monday.The trail begins behind the town square in the central business district. We begin on a paved road, passing the historic locomotive and railcar. It’s a pretty road, not very hilly. The first half-mile to the bridge is a nice road.
What’s here? A few bass-friendly creeks, some live oaks, and a few fruit trees. Otherwise it’s mostly pavement.
The trail begins at the very foot of the bridge, winding past the old fire station as it climbs through a small canyon.
Soon it begins to curve. There are some more small creeks here, but as you look at the trail, you’re still on pavement.
There is a small bridge right near the end of this trail, and there is a rail line on the other side of the bridge.
A few moments later, the trail begins to descend down a steep hill. You’re now walking on a dirt trail, with some shade trees. You can see the top of the old railroad line as you walk down the trail.
There is another small bridge where this trail begins to descend down the hill. This is the best part of the trail.
So, we walk all the way down a steep dirt road, then we turn right on the trail.
Just past this point in the trail, there is a rest stop area. You can either stop here for a drink, or you can continue on a few more minutes (a few minutes past this rest
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