There are many online teaching resources that will walk you through Photoshop, including MacBreak and Wikipedia. For links to the best online resources for beginner Photoshop users, check out the resources listed at the end of the chapter.
Photoshop is very comprehensive, so you can find its features tucked away in a variety of menus and dialog boxes. But to really master Photoshop, you need to know the basics. If you really want to get to the heart of the software, you need to be up to speed on how layers work.
In this chapter, I explain how to create layers, edit them, blend layers, and mask layers. You also find out how to apply image adjustments and organize your projects.
Layers: The Business of Being Scary
Fundamentally, layers are the building blocks of an image. When you start an image in Photoshop, you create a master layer called the Background layer, which you can use to edit your image as needed. The Background layer is covered in Chapter 2, and you should work on that layer to get your image looking good the first time. If you start an image with nothing on a new layer, the image looks like Figure 5-1.
The Background layer is also the layer on which you put the image’s gradient so that you can work with it easily. (You find out more about gradients in Chapter 9.)
Figure 5-1: Start an image with nothing on a new layer.
Although you can have more than one layer, usually you won’t. Using layers is the best way to make your Photoshop image work for you. It lets you start with a simple outline of a face and make it look great, or take over the complete image to change the composition. To manipulate a face, I suggest creating a separate layer for its features, which are covered in the following sections.
Creating a new layer
To start an image with a new layer, open the Layers panel and click the New Layer button at the bottom of the panel. Doing so opens the New Layer dialog box, shown in Figure 5-2, which shows the current image on the left, the New Layer button at the bottom left, and the Layers panel to the right. Choose a name for the new layer and press OK. Photoshop creates the new layer above the Background layer (as shown in Figure 5-1).
After you create a new layer, you can see that it appears in the Layers panel below the
Adobe Photoshop Elements 2020 is made by Adobe Systems, and was originally released in 2010 for Windows. It is available for Mac OSX since 2014 and it’s available on all the major platforms, including Android, iOS, and Linux.
See our guide for the best free Photoshop alternatives.
There are currently no major differences between Elements 12 and 13, but the newer versions of Photoshop may come with some new tools, filters and features.
How to open the files in Photoshop Elements?
If you are not sure how to open the file in Elements, go to its Help section and search for “file format and file extensions”. Most of the most common file types have a recommended software to open or edit them, including
How to open PSD files with Photoshop Elements?
As a new generation Photoshop, Elements 2020 is actually a collection of many Photoshop elements.
The “master” or “root” file in an Adobe Photoshop file is the file with the.psd extension. You can open and edit this file in Elements using the same methods described above.
You can open Photoshop Photoshop layers for editing: These layers contain objects, layers, paths, selections, and even brushes.
Step by step:
1. Open Photoshop Elements 2020. Click on Edit.
2. Click File>Open to open the file.
3. Now you can open layers for editing. To do this, click on the tab that has an arrow head at the top right of the screen.
4. Click on Open Layers.
5. Now you can open any layers you want.
How to Merge files in Photoshop Elements?
First, open and edit each of the layers you want. After this, use the Layers dialog to add these layers to a new master file.
Before You Begin
After opening each of the files, be sure to remove any layers you don’t want to use from the merged file, to avoid confusion about which file was the master file and which was the file you want to edit.
These instructions assume you are merging layers that you added to a new master file. If you have already used the Edit Layers dialog, make sure you remove any
Greater New Orleans
Sugar Land, Texas, will host the 2014 Houston Texans Pro Bowl on Saturday night, Jan. 25. The game will kick off at 8 p.m. on NFL Network.
Sugar Land, Texas, will host the 2014 Houston Texans Pro Bowl on Saturday night, Jan. 25. The game will kick off at 8 p.m. on NFL Network. (Eric Gay / Associated Press)
Sugar Land, Texas, will host the 2014 Houston Texans Pro Bowl on Saturday night, Jan. 25. The game will kick off at 8 p.m. on NFL Network.Cigarette smoke exposure in older patients: clinical presentation.
After a decade of little research on smoking and older patients, in 1990 the National Center for Health Statistics launched the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a telephone survey designed to assess health status and the use of health services. A revised questionnaire was added in 1995 to determine the number of smokers in the United States by age and gender (numerator: adults 18 and over, at least once a week who reported either current use of cigarettes or at least 100 lifetime cigarettes, denominator: adults 18 and over with no history of chronic illness and no hospitalizations). The following year, the analysis of data from the NHIS showed a significant decrease in the prevalence of smoking in the United States, in both men and women. This represents the beginning of a program of research by public health professionals aimed at combating the challenge that tobacco poses to a healthy life for the elderly.Results of radiotherapy and surgery in malignant temporal bone tumors: a pilot study.
Malignant temporal bone tumors can be treated with radiotherapy, surgery, or a combination of both. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of combined surgery and radiotherapy in the treatment of malignant temporal bone tumors. Eleven patients with invasive cancer of the temporal bone (mean age 49 years, range 12 to 78) were treated by surgery and radiotherapy. At a minimum of 2 years after therapy, the toxicity and recurrence rates of radiation therapy were evaluated and compared with the results of surgery. Of the 11 patients, nine had squamous cell carcinomas and two had adenoid cystic carcinomas. Two patients had infiltration of the facial nerve, and six patients had an orbital extension. Six patients had a postoperative mortality associated with the surgery. The median follow-up time after therapy was 45 months. No cases of local recurrence or metastasis were
This revised application seeks support for the establishment of an undergraduate program in Molecular and Genetic Biochemistry (MGMB), now in its thirty-second year, at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. MGMB is the older of two existing Biochemistry programs at UMMS, the other one being the Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry program which was established in the early 70s. MGMB has gained considerable strength in the past decade and has increased its annual offerings of courses in Biochemistry and Cell Biology to a total of seventeen courses, this increase being due in part to the recruitment of talented new faculty members. MGMB offers core courses in Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology as required courses, as well as several courses (and some labs) in advanced molecular and cell biology, and is a site for multidisciplinary research through the activities of the Cellular and Molecular Regulation program. This revised application seeks support for the establishment of two major components: a) a new Intramural Research Training Program that will be integrated with the existing MD/PhD training program and b) a new graduate program for students in the new minor degree in Molecular and Genetic Biochemistry. The central strength of the proposed new program will lie in the existing strength of the faculty at the UMMS in biochemistry and cell biology as well as the new faculty recruited to the Department of Pharmacology. The recruitment of excellent, innovative young faculty is of particular importance, as these faculty members are expected to foster the development of talented students who will expand the scope and reach of biomedical research within the nation. Based on preliminary data showing strong support by the students and the UMMS faculty, the program will be housed in the Department of Pharmacology and the two competing pharmacology graduate programs (training in Signal Transduction Research and in Neuropharmacology). The trainees of the program will have two primary goals: 1) To develop a thorough understanding of modern biomedical science with a strong focus on integrative molecular/cellular and physiological approaches. 2) To develop a career path in basic biomedical research which will have a strong emphasis on interdisciplinary and translational work in molecular and cellular biology. The former goal will be accomplished by providing comprehensive and detailed coursework in both cell and molecular biology, biochemistry, electrophysiology, and pharmacology, along with a monthly seminar series, involvement in biomedicine-related research, and an elective that focuses on a specific topic in the field of biochemistry. The latter goal will be accomplished by taking advantage of the
Nintendo Switch Online membership (sold separately) and Nintendo Account required for online play. Not available in all countries. Internet access required for online features. Terms apply. nintendo.com/switch-online
Visit for details on all Nintendo Switch hardware, software and services.
© 2017 Nintendo. Link and Nintendo are registered trademarks of Nintendo.
© 2017 SEGA. Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic the Hedgehog 2 and all related characters are trademarks of SEGA Holdings Co., Ltd.